Sarajevo is the largest and capital city of Herzegovina and Bosnia. Sarajevo is a city which is known for its historical events. It also witnessed the moment when the First World War happened during the rule of communist and year 1990 a gory civil war takes place in Sarajevo.
However, Sarajevo is still known as the city of tolerant diversity and rejoices the nonviolent coexistence of Jews, Christian and Muslims.
Here are the things that you can do and see in Sarajevo City.
GAZI HUZREV-BEG MOSQUE
Gazi Huzrev-Beg Mosque was built on 1532. It is the biggest historical mosque in Sarajevo. The mosque was built during the Ottoman period and it is considered as the center city of Islamic Community.
It is a beautiful place to look around. A good-looking open courtyard that is made up of fountain for traditional washing can be seen outside the mosque. While it’s main door is garlanded with complex Islamic patters and designs. It has several domes which is an Ottoman mosque feature rather than architectural designs of Middle-Eastern.
However, the mosque was damaged when a civil war occurred. But they started reconstructing it in the year 1996.
The killing of Archduke Franz Ferdinand which took place at the Latin Bridge is one of the most unforgettable happenings in Sarajevo. Latin Bridge belongs to the oldest bridge of Ottoman that was built in the 16th century. Latin Bridge is only small but it has pointed crest at the center and three archways.
KOVACI MEMORIAL CEMETERY
Sarajevo becomes the battleground of Bosniak and Serb and a siege that was ended after four years. The memorial cemetery is build for many Bosniaks who died while protecting themselves by the aggressor Serbs. They also called the Memorial Cemetery as Martyr’s Cemetery.
Alija Izetbegovic, Bosnia’s first president was also buried in kovaci memorial cemetery. Nearby the cemetery is a yellow fortress (hill), a beautiful place to watch sunset.
SARAJEVO TUNNEL MUSEUM
During civil war, Sarajevo Tunnel becomes the survival place of Bosniak residents. It acted as helping hand to get resources, food, weapons and aid.
The Sarajevo tunnel was built by Bosnian Army in 1992, while all the city entrance was blocked because Serbs are attacking them.
But now the tunnel’s entrance becomes museum and tourist were allowed to come in to experience the tunnel’s small part. They were still building the tunnel but they are doing their best to help the tourist appreciate the beauty of tunnel instead of building it as tourist attraction.
Jewish Museum belongs to the Sarajevo prosperous story and it covers different happening in the past. Sarajevo has strange history when it comes to Jewish people. Jews arrived in Sarajevo late 1400s, because they want to escape the persecution in some parts of Europe. After they arrived they prosper and contributed on the culture and arts of Sarajevo.
The museum is consists of historical exhibits made by Jewish community.
When visiting Sarajevo it is important to taste their national dish known as Cevapi. Cevapi is a grilled beef shaped like sausage with sauce and onions covered with flatbread or pita. The size of sausage is typically small. The dish is easy and cheap to make for outlaws and rebels. It is a famous street food and available in many standard restaurants.
SARAJEVO TOWN HALL
Sarajevo Town Hall was constructed in 189 and an example of Austro-Hungarian architecture. Inside of it are painted patterns, intricate carvings, stained glass, windows, staircases and archways featuring beautiful geometric detailing. The town hall includes exhibitions of art and photo gallery regarding the war.
It is the most historic part of Sarajevo it features different architecture from 15th century. In 15th century it is a bazaar and market place but today it is considered as the cultural center of Sarajevo. It is filled up of narrow streets cobbled, the store are small but occupied of character – a Turkish and Eastern European influence.
One of the main parts of it is the iconic fountain located at the center. It is also a place for traditional café, coffee houses and restaurants and perfect place to explore and stroll around.
REMINDERS OF THE WAR
Walking around the Sarajevo you will remember the effects of blast and bullet holes during the civil war. The war was ended on 1995 and Sarajevo is still reconstructing the infrastructures that were destroyed during the war. As a result, many infrastructures were not totally repaired.
Sniper Alley is considered as the most precarious place in Sarajevo during the civil war, because there are many snipers in the area. However, Sniper Alley becomes a commercial street.
GRAB A COFFE ON CAFE TITO
Caffe Tito is a communist theme café. The walls of cafe are filled up with Tito’s picture and different report and newspapers documenting Tito’s life are spread out on the table. Tito is famous in Sarajevo because of its long dictatorship that was remembered by Bosnians. However the death of Tito is considered as one of the reason why civil war started.